Change in the surface structure and the oxide layer of the Ti6Al4V ELI alloy as a result of mechanical and heat treatment


titanium alloy
oxide layer
alloy strength


Surface treatment, both mechanical, chemical and thermal causes a number of changes to the external structure of meterial details. The obtained properties are intended to improve the quality of material details made of a given alloy or pure metal. This paper presents the results of mechanical surface treatment to the thickness of the oxide layer after heat treatment of the TU6Al14V ELI alloy. The experiments were performed for a rod with a diameter of 5 mm cut into semicircular slices. The samples were mechanically activated by mechanical treatment of the surface: sandblasting with glass balls for 5 minutes, sanded with 40, 180, 220 and 800 grit sandpaper for 7.5 and 15 minutes.
Using an optical microscope, the microstructure of the samples etched with Kroll's solution was assessed and the surface roughness parameters were measured.
The next step was to carry out the heat treatment (at the temperature of 550 oC, for 5 hours), and then the roughness parameters and the thickness of the oxide layer were measured using a scanning microscope.
The conducted research has shown that mechanical treatment of the surface resulting in an increase in surface development causes an increase in the thickness of the oxide layer formed during heat treatment. However, machining to reduce surface development, such as polishing, reduces the thickness of the oxide layer.
The test results can be used to obtain the desired thickness of the oxide layer in the production of elements requiring increased resistance to wear or corrosion.
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